Impoliteness

Other Definitions of Impoliteness

The following definitions have been proposed prior to Culpeper (2011) and vary greatly: 


“(1) The lowest common denominator [underlying definitions of impoliteness in Bousfield and Locher 2008] can be summarized like this: Impoliteness is behavior that is face-aggravating in a particular context. (Locher and Bousfield, 2008: 3) 
(2) [rude behavior] does not utilise politeness strategies whetre they would be expected, in such a way that the utterance can only almost plausibly be interpreted as intentionally and negatively confrontational. (Lakoff, 1989: 103) 
(3) … rudeness is defined as a face threatening act (FTA) – or a feature of an FTA such as intonation – which violates a socially sanctioned norm of interaction of the social context in which it occurs. (Beebe, 1995: 159) 
(4) … impoliteness, communicative strategies designed to attack face, and thereby cause social conflict and disharmony… (Culpeper et al, 2003: 1546) 
(5) Impoliteness comes about when: (1) the speaker communicates face-attack intentionally, or (2) the hearer perceives and/or constructs behavior as intentionally face-attacking, or a combination of (1) and (2). (Culpeper, 2005a: 38) 
(6) … marked rudeness or rudeness proper occurs when the expression used is not conventionalised relative to the context of occurrence; following recognition of the speaker’s face-threatening intention by the hearer, marked rudeness threatens the addressee’s face… impoliteness occurs when the expression used is not conventionalised relative to the context of occurrence; it threatens the addressee’s face… but no face-threatening intention is attributed to the speaker by the hearer. (Terkourafi, 2008: 70) 
(7) … impoliteness constitutes the communication of intentionally gratuitous and conflictive verbal face-threatening acts (FTAs) which are purposefully delivered: (1) unmitigated, in contexts where mitigation is required, and/or, (2) with deliberate aggression, that is, with the face threat exacerbated, ‘boosted’, or maximised in some way to heighten the face damage inflicted. (Bousfield, 2008: 72) 
(8) … verbal impoliteness [is[ linguistic behavior assessed by the hearer as threatening her or his face or social identity, and infringing the norms of appropriate behavior that prevail in particular contexts and among particular interlocutors, whether intentionally or not. (Holmes et al, 2008: 196) 
(9) Rudeness is a kind of prototypically non-cooperative or competitive communicative behavior which destabilises the personal relationships of the interacting individuals… creates or maintains an emotional atmosphere of mutual irreverence and antipathy, which primarily serves egocentric interests…. (Kienpointer, 1997: 259)” 
(Culpeper, 2011: 19-20)

For additional concepts on impoliteness, visit the ‘Impoliteness’ website: http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/fass/projects/impoliteness/index.htm

For additional concepts on impoliteness, visit the ‘Impoliteness’ website:
http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/fass/projects/impoliteness/index.htm